arica

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Arica (/əˈrkə/ ə-REE-kə; Spanish: [aˈɾika]) is a commune and a port city with a population of 222,619 in the Arica Province of northern Chile's Arica y Parinacota Region. It is Chile's northernmost city, being located only 18 km (11 mi) south of the border with Peru. The city is the capital of both the Arica Province and the Arica and Parinacota Region. Arica has a mild, temperate climate with some of the lowest annual rainfall rates anywhere in the world. Arica is located at the bend of South America's western coast known as the Arica Bend or Arica Elbow. At the location of the city are two lush valleys that dissect the Atacama Desert converge: Azapa and Lluta. These valleys provide fruit for export.

Arica is an important port for a large inland region of South America. The city serves a free port for Bolivia and manages a substantial part of that country's trade. In addition it is the end station of the Bolivian oil pipeline beginning in Oruro. The city's strategic position is enhanced by being next to the Pan-American Highway, being connected to both Tacna in Peru and La Paz in Bolivia by railroad and being served by an international airport.

Its mild weather has made Arica known as the "city of the eternal spring" in Chile while its beaches are frequented by Bolivians. The city was an important port already during Spanish colonial rule. Chile seized the city from Peru in 1880 during the War of the Pacific, being recognized as Chilean by Peru in 1929. A substantial part of African Chileans live in or trace their origins to Arica.

Archaeological findings indicate that Arica was inhabited by different native groups dating back 10,000 years.

Spaniards settled the land under captain Lucas Martinez de Begazo in 1541, and in 1570, the area was grandly retitled as "La Muy Ilustre y Real Ciudad San Marcos de Arica" (the very illustrious and royal city of San Marcos of Arica). By 1545, Arica was the main export entrepot for Bolivian silver coming down from Potosí, which then possessed the world's largest silver mine. Arica thus held a crucial role as one of the leading ports of the Spanish Empire. These enviable riches made Arica the target for pirates, buccaneers, and privateers, among whom Francis Drake, Thomas Cavendish, Richard Hawkins, Joris van Spilbergen, John Watling, Baltazar de Cordes, Bartholomew Sharp, William Dampier, and John Clipperton all took part in looting the city.

Following the collapse of Spanish rule, in 1821, Arica was part of the recently independent Peruvian Republic. The Peruvian Constitution of 1823 regards it as a province of the Department of Arequipa.

In 1855, Peru inaugurated the Arica-Tacna railroad (53 km long), one of the first in Latin America. The rail line still functions today.

The earthquake of August 13, 1868 struck near the city with an estimated magnitude of 8.0 to 9.0 Estimates on the death toll vary greatly, some estimates have the number at 25,000 to 70,000 people. Others estimate that the population of Arica was less than 3,000 people and the death toll was around 300.[citation needed] It triggered a tsunami, measurable across the Pacific in Hawaii, Japan and New Zealand. As Arica lies very close to the subduction zone known as the Peru–Chile Trench where the Nazca Plate dives beneath the South American Plate, the city is subject to megathrust earthquakes.

Chilean forces occupied the region following the War of the Pacific. The Treaty of Ancón in 1883 formally acceded the region to Chilean control. The 1929 Tacna-Arica compromise in the Treaty of Lima subsequently restored Tacna to Peru but Arica remained part of Chile.

In 1958, the Chilean Government established the "Junta de Adelanto de Arica" (Board of Development for Arica), which promulgated many tax incentives for the establishment of industries, such as vehicle assembly plants, a tax-free zone, and a casino, among others. Many car manufacturers opened plants in Arica, such as Citroën, Peugeot, Volvo, Ford and General Motors, which produced the Chevrolet LUV pickup until 2008.

In 1975, together with Chile's new open economy policies, the "Junta de Adelanto de Arica" was abolished.

The Arica and Parinacota Region was created on October 8, 2007, under Law 20.175, promulgated on March 23, 2007, by President Michelle Bachelet in the city of Arica.

According to the 2017 census by the National Statistics Institute, Arica spans an area of 4,799.4 km2 (1,853 sq mi) and has 222,619 inhabitants (110,115 men and 112,504 women). The population grew by 20% (37,351 people) between the 2002 and 2017 censuses. Arica is home to 97.7% of the total population of the region.

The population of Arica is made up of various long-established groups to the region, and other more recent arrivals settled at differing times. Among the long-established groups, the oldest consists of indigenous Amerindians, such as the Aymara, whose presence in the region is of several millennia. These are followed by the second oldest, the local colonial-era groups, which includes local mestizos (of mixed Spanish-Amerindian origin), local criollos (whites of colonial Spanish origin), and local afrodescendants of colonial-era slaves. The third oldest group consists of early post-colonial Chinese Chileans who first arrived as miners and rail workers in the 1890s.

These long-established groups of Ariqueños have been augmented by various later settlers, mostly other criollos and mestizo Chileans from elsewhere around Chile, but also numerous Europeans, who arrived in the 1900s, including more Spaniards arriving from Spain, as well as Italians, Greeks, British, and French. These arrived at different times during the last century.

Some Ariqueños, primarily the indigenous Amerindians, but also the afrodescendants, share cultural affinities to counterpart populations in neighbouring border areas of Peru, and more distantly, Bolivia.

The urban area of Arica has 175,441 inhabitants in an area of 41.89 km2. Arica in 2007 had more than 185,000 inhabitants (not counting the inhabitants of the valleys and Lluta Azapa, with that reach almost to the 194.000 inhabitants). The growing city of Arica spreads outward into the desert and the Peru-Chile border. The Azapa Valley has developed a year-round agricultural economy due to improvements in irrigation and transportation of its products.

The villages that make up the commune are Villa Frontera and San Miguel de Azapa. Some hamlets are Poconchile, Molinas, Sora, Las Maitas and Caleta Vitor.

Arica was made famous in 1970 by the spiritual master Oscar Ichazo when he held a 10-month training there for 50 North Americans from the Esalen Institute in California. The Arica School, based in the United States of America, has influenced thousands of people all over the world.

The commune of Arica is composed of 19 census districts.

Source: INE 2007 report, "Territorial division of Chile"

Arica is the economical powerhouse of its region. It is an enormous trade and shipping point and vital for the maritimal access of Bolivia.

The Morro de Arica is a steep and tall hill located in the city. Its height is 139 meters above sea level. It was the last bulwark of defence for the Peruvian troops who garrisoned the city. It was assaulted and captured on June 7, 1880, by Chilean troops in the last part of their Campaña del Desierto (Desert Campaign) during the War of the Pacific.

Near the city is the Azapa Valley, an oasis where vegetables and Azapa olives are grown. Economically, it is an important port for Chilean ore, and its tropical latitude, dry climate, and the city's beach, have made Arica a popular tourist destination. It is also a center of rail communication with Bolivia and has its own international airport. Arica has strong ties with the city of Tacna, Peru; many people cross the border daily to travel between the cities, partly because many services (for example, dentists) are cheaper on the Peruvian side. Arica is connected to Tacna in Peru and to La Paz in Bolivia by separate railroad lines.

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Arica has a hot desert climate, abbreviated "BWh" on climate maps. Unlike many other cities with arid climates, Arica seldom sees extreme temperatures throughout the course of the year. Arica is also known as the driest inhabited place on Earth, at least as measured by rainfall: average annual precipitation is 0.76 mm (0.03 inches), as measured at the airport meteorological station.

As a commune, Arica is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008–2012 alcalde is Waldo Sankán Martínez (Independent).

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Arica is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Mr. Vlado Mirosevic (Partido Liberal) and Mr. Luis Rocaful as part of the 1st electoral district, which includes the entire Arica and Parinacota Region. The commune is represented in the Senate by Fulvio Rossi Ciocca (PS) and Jaime Orpis Bouchon (UDI) as part of the 1st senatorial constituency (Arica and Parinacota Region and Tarapacá Region).

Arica was one of the four host cities of the 1962 FIFA World Cup, and it was the venue for a Rip Curl Pro Search surfing event that took place from June 20 to July 1, 2007. Arica plays host to a leg of the International Bodyboarding Association's world tour event every year at the notorious "el flops" surf break. The event has been running since 2004.

Other attractions include the former house of the Governor, the Former Arica Custom House, railway station Arica-La Paz, the Archaeological and Anthropological Museum of San Miguel de Azapa, Sea and Historical Arms and Arica. For evening entertainment there is the Casino de Arica.

More than 20 km of beaches, many known for the quality of surfing, span across the Coastal Range in the northern sector. The harbored location makes these beaches unique from other cities in Chile in terms of topography.

From north to south the beaches are located Las Machas, Chinchorro, del Alacrán, El Laucho, La Lisera, Brava, Arenillas Negras, La Capilla, Corazones and La Liserilla.

Passenger train services on the Arica–La Paz railway ceased in 1996, but as of 2017 there were proposals to restart services from Arica as a tourist attraction (and for freight).

In 2011, Chile announced plans to privatise the Port of Arica. These were opposed by Bolivia, as Arica is its main sea port.

Chacalluta International Airport is the main airport in Arica and is located 18.5 km north of the city. LATAM Chile, Amaszonas, JetSmart, and Sky Airline have scheduled commercial service to several Chilean airports.

Arica is twinned with:

¡Muy buenos días! 🤩 Comenzamos esta semana con envíos de vacunas a regiones gracias al apoyo de la Comunidad Logíst…
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AHORA: Se realiza #Pañuelazo por el #AbortoLegal 💚 a las afueras del Hospital Juan Noé en Arica organizado por el C…
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San Marcos de Arica 🇨🇱 se refuerza con dos argentinos: Gaspar Iñiguez y Rafael Viotti. ✔️
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¡Atención! se emitió un nuevo aviso de #Marejadas desde el Golfo de Penas hasta Arica, e incluyendo #RapaNui y el A…
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#Iquique | Policía recibió un llamado de emergencia de un hombre que manifestó que su pareja se encontraba con trab…
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Estas imágenes corresponden a las obras de construcción del Embalse Chironta, en la Región de Arica y Parinacota. E…
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En cada lugar de nuestro país hay emprendedores que rompen paradigmas, que ante un desierto ven una oportunidad.…
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Ministro @RodrigoDelgadoM, junto al subsecretario @GalliJF, llegó hasta la Región de Arica y Parinacota: Inició la…
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#Arica: Soldados Conscriptos de la Compañía de Morteros del Batallón de Infantería “Rancagua” realizaron…
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Funcionario de @sagchile #Arica acudió a atender denuncia por una lechuza al interior de una vivienda en la poblaci…
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En breve, junto al ministro @RodrigoDelgadoM y al subsecretario @GalliJF del @min_interior, el Director General, Hé…
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Ministro @RodrigoDelgadoM destaca importante decomiso de drogas, armas y automóviles en Arica
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Entre los detenidos, uno figura como dueño o socio de trece empresas de rubro inmobiliario, por lo que fue formaliz…
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¡Buenos días! El "Águila Pescadora" es un escaso visitante de verano, observada entre Arica y Valdivia. Se encuent…
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TOP de Arica condena a 16, 11 y 6 años de presidio efectivo a autores de tráfico de drogas
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400 Piece Jigsaw Puzzle. Volcan Parinacota, 6348 m, and Lake Chungara. It is a stratovolcano in the Nevados de Payachata group of volcanoes on the border of Chile and Bolivia. Lauca National Park, Arica-Parinacota Region, Chile. chile, peak, volcano, snow capped, scenics, altiplano, biosphere reserve, volcanic cone, dormant, parinacota, eternal snow, andes range, lauca biosphere reserve, dry puna vegetation, dry puna ecoregion. Image supplied by Auscape Photo Library
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Viajar hasta Arequipa en auto
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Viajar hasta Arequipa en auto
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Viajar hasta Arequipa en auto
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Ruta de Iquique a Tacna - Pasando por Arica
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Morenada Dance Group in Arica, Chile. Photo about dance, andino, fabric, costumes, event, costume, bolivian, dressed, fuerza, building, group, cultural, face, arica, annual - 87743597
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Photo about Morenada Dance Group performing during a street parade at the annual Carnaval Andino con la Fuerza del Sol in Arica, Chile. Image of blue, morenada, historic - 171809741
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Chile. Tourism Guide. The northern part of the country is characterized by large deserts. Arica is the north-most city in Chile. The old city is full of buildings constructed during the colonial period, and Plaza de Armas Square is the location of the most famous sight of Arica St. Marcus Cathedral. There is also an old Spanish fortress built in the middle of the 19th century in the city. Nowadays, the fortress is used to hold the exhibition of the Museum of History and Arms. Nearby mountains hi
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Planning to visit South Africa? You should add these South Africa Attractions to your bucketlist.
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7x5 Inch (18x13cm) Print. El Morro (famous hill) and landing place, Arica, Chile, South America. Date: circa 1905. . Image supplied by Mary Evans Prints Online
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Photo Greeting Card. Masai Giraffe grazing on acacia tree, Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania, Arica. . Image supplied by Danita Delimont
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1000 Piece Jigsaw Puzzle. Volcan Parinacota, 6348 m, and Lake Chungara. It is a stratovolcano in the Nevados de Payachata group of volcanoes on the border of Chile and Bolivia. Lauca National Park, Arica-Parinacota Region, Chile. chile, peak, volcano, snow capped, scenics, altiplano, biosphere reserve, volcanic cone, dormant, parinacota, eternal snow, andes range, lauca biosphere reserve, dry puna vegetation, dry puna ecoregion. Image supplied by Auscape Photo Library
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Masai Mara Safari (African wildlife) in Kenya. A Masai Mara safari is an experience that all wildlife lovers would enjoy. Best tim eto travel in Masai mara. Masai Mara travel tips. #africa #kenya #safari #masaimara #wildlife #travel #africasafari #africaphotography
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The desert of Namibia
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Photo Greeting Card. South America, Chile, Arica. Atacama Desert, one of the driest places on earth. Geoglyphs (art made of stones), 800 year old rock art of animals & geometric patterns. barren, chilean, hieroglyphic, prehistoric, petroglyph, rock art, latin american, atacama, arica, geoglyph. Image supplied by Danita Delimont
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Arica, Chile 🇨🇱
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arica Pinterest Ideas
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Jun 23, 2020 02:49
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Jun 23, 2020 02:50
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Holi 💖 después de muchos días sin subir nada porque floja y me levanto tarde, así que no había podido sacar fotitos buenas 😢 tons hoy lo intenté aunque no había mucha luz natural. Estoy cortísima de ideas, así que por eso aproveché de probar la calidad de los molotow y los acuarelé para hacer este efecto bonito de acuarelas 🥰 Esta técnica no es de mis favoritas, pero queda precioso al final y espero que a ustedes les guste tanto como a mi 🥰 Me encanto lo colorido y bonito que se ve, además esta muy #pride 🌈💗. Ya eso, no sé por qué siempre escribo descripciones tan largas 🙄 jsjdjd saluditos ✨ . . . . . #lettering #letteringcl #calligraphy #caligrafia #letrasbonitas #letritas #arica #Chile #pride #pridemonth #letters #clubdeletras #letteringenespañol #abecedariolettering #abecedario #abc #colors #rainbow #arcoiris
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#clubdeletras #arcoiris #abc #abecedariolettering #pridemonth
Jun 23, 2020 02:51
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Jun 23, 2020 02:52
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Jun 23, 2020 02:53
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Jun 23, 2020 02:54
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Encargo para @mariconpatascontierra Bastidores PERSONALIZADOS para que estampes tus productos, estoy con insumos nuevos, así que espero tus consultas al DM, saludos, cuidense. #tristeza #tragos #vino #gato #frases #serigrafiatextil #serigrafia #grabado #printmaker #tocopilla #aysen #chilegram #chileventas #ventasadistancia #ventastodochile #ventaschile #ropa #shopping #pyme #valparaiso #iquique #arica #tocopilla #launion #antofagasta #concepcion #copiapo #talca #talcahuano #tome #chile
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Jun 23, 2020 02:54
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Jun 23, 2020 02:54
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Disponible ⚡️ • Paleta Time @docolor_official • 9 colores • $10.000 • Efectivo, transferencia, transbank y webpay 💳 . . . #arica #chile #maquillajearica #makeupchile #maquillajechile #docolor
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Jun 23, 2020 02:55
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Jun 23, 2020 02:55
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#Libros (Sellado) https://youtu.be/44nGOmo87BE En un mundo donde se privilegia la comodidad y el placer, las nueve historias de este libro parecieran repetir como un mantra su título: Y me volví a levantar. Porque estas son historias sobre grandes deportistas paralímpicos chilenos y las múltiples dificultades que han sorteado en sus carreras, pero también son profundos testimonios acerca del inquebrantable espíritu humano. . . . . #Iquique #Arica
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