Ipiales is a city and Catholic bishopric in Nariño Department, southern Colombia, near the border with Ecuador. It is located at around, with an elevation of about 2950 m. Ipiales is located on the high plateau called "Tuquerres e Ipiales," the city lies at a distance of 82 km from Pasto, the department's capital." Ipiales is known as "la ciudad de las nubes verdes" (the city of the green clouds) because sometimes, especially in the afternoon, greenish clouds appear over the city. One of the area's favorite foods is the guinea pig or cavy (Cavia porcellus), called kuy or kuwi. The economy of this city is based on border trade between Ecuador and Colombia.
The municipality's main attraction is the impressive architecture of the Las Lajas Cathedral, the episcopal see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Ipiales.
One of the biggest festivals is called the "Black and White Carnival". Through this event people from Ipiales celebrate racial diversity. People paint each other with make-up and a white soap, called careoca. Many tourists travel to see this event from all over the country.
The Rumichaca Bridge, according to Spanish chroniclers, was the northernmost outpost of the Inca Empire, wrested from the Pasto people in the early 16th century. The bridge, crossing the Carchi River, is 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from Ipiales on the border with Ecuador.
The inhabitants of the town of Ipiales are as important economic activities: trade, small businesses, tourism, and in rural areas: agriculture, livestock, minor species. In minerals: oil on Churuyaco jungle, rock quarries and crafts in Las Lajas, topdressing in Old Bridge, clay in the Tejar. Natural resources are abundant throughout its territory.
Ipiales is land and air border port, with intense trade with the peoples of the former province of Obando and as crossroad for travelers from the Andean Pact countries, especially Ecuador, is the second most important border Colombia. A wide legislation to control the flow of people and vehicles, with international treaties and agreements on economic and border relations in all social cultural and economic. There Neighborhood and Integration Commission Colombo - Ecuador 1989. Republic of Colombia. Neighbourhood Binational Commissions. The Border Integration 1993, the Border Act 1995. The Special Economic Zone Export 2000, to improve the economic, institutional and social of this region, but everything has been "good intentions", as there is no vocation to create business, manufacturing or assembling artifacts, goods or services, for we do not have the infrastructure, equipment or decision for these projects.
The city is served by San Luis Airport.
The municipality of Ipiales is the southwest of Colombia, and the Department of Nariño, in the Andean highlands of 'Túquerres and Ipiales'. The city is located 3 km from the Colombian-Ecuadorian and 82 km of Pasto. It communicates with the interior by the Pan American Highway, which continues along the Ecuadorian population Tulcán, after crossing the international bridge Rumichaca (Quechua rumi stone, chaka bridge, "stone bridge") over the river Carchi in Narino territory called Guaytara to 800 meters, from the viewpoint of Ipiales.
The orographic Ipiales Township are part of Narino highlands, the Guaitara canyon, and the Western Cordillera; Cofanía valley and part of the Amazon basin. The moors: to Mueses and The Palace, the hills: Troy, La Quinta, Culachí, Black, French, Tigre and Pax. The territory of the municipality is slightly wavy with climatic zones: cold, desert, warm, medium, respectively. Geographic Institute "Agustin Codazzi '. T. Andrade, Ob. cit., 1974. The average height of the town is 2900 m, making it Colombia's highest city (although not the highest town) and among the highest cities in the world.
Consists of three major watersheds: Jácome Benavides, Julio and others. Diagnosis municipal Ipiales.
Ipiales features an unusually cool subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cfb), with an average temperature around 15 °C or 27 °F cooler than its near equatorial climate might suggest, due to the city’s high altitude of almost 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) above sea level, which makes it the highest major city in Colombia and one of the highest on Earth. The average temperature is cold for a subtropical highland climate with the city escaping an ETH (alpine) classification by less than 1.5 °C or 2.7 °F. Temperatures rarely break the 20 °C (68 °F) mark or fall below freezing, giving the city perpetual spring-like weather. Ipiales has a rainier season from October to May and a drier season from June through September. Rainfall is frequent though not heavy year round, falling on an average of 235 days for an annual total of approximately 925 millimetres or 36 inches.
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